" Love is more than a noun -- it is a verb; it is more than a feeling -- it is caring, sharing, helping, sacrificing."
Verbs are words that tell us what someone is doing (she is singing) or what is happening (it is raining).
Verbs are very important when we write texts. Verbs tell us if the text is in present, past or future tense.
He is running (present tense)
He ran (past tense)
He will be running/he is going to run (future tense)
We also have regular and irregular verbs. Regular verbs are verbs that take -ed in the past tense and past participle (to talk- talked). Irregular verbs are verbs that change in the past tense and past participle (to be - was/were - been)
In present tense you use the base form of the verb (I sing, you dance, they swim), but if we can replace the subject with he/she/it (third persons), we put an s to the verb (he sings, she swims, it walks).
When do we use the simple present tense?
We divide the use of the simple present into three categories:
Affirmative use (bekreftende)
I, you, we, they sing
He, she, it sings
Remember the verbs in the third person singular (he,she and it) always take an "s". For example, "he sings, she runs, it works..."
John and Anna speak Norwegian well - They speak Norwegian well.
Anna speaks Norwegian well - She speaks Norwegian well.
The teachers in the school teach- They teach.
Interrogative use (spørrende)
Do I/you/we/they sing?
Does he,she it play?
Do you think I play well?
Do we play in harmony?
Does she play?
The negative use (negativ)
I/you/we/they do not/don`t sing.
He/she/it does/doesn`t sing.
I don`t dance.
They don`t speak.
She doesn`t run.
When do we use the simple present?
To give your opinion - I like school, I don`t like fish.
To talk about schedules - The bus (it) leaves at 7. It doesn't
leave until 7.
To talk about something that happens daily - Adam (he) brushes his teeth every morning. He doesn`t drink juice afterwards.
To give facts - The earth (it) circles the sun.
As you can see; we usually use the base form of the verb in present tense. The exception is when we talk about he, she or it, then we add s to the verb.
The rule is: He/she/it + verb + s
There are, however some exceptions to this rule.
Past tense is used when we talk about something that happened in the past.
To change a verb into a past tense verb we usually just add ed to the word (walk - walked)
There are some exceptions in the spelling of some words, read more about that here:
We use didn`t to make negative sentences in past tense (He didn`t go to school yesterday)
Questions in past tense
We use did to make questions in past tense (did you clean your room?)
The irregular verbs do not follow the rule of adding ed to the verb. You have to learn the irregular verbs by heart.
We write future tense by using will or be going to.
Will you come over later?
You will come over later.
Be going to
Am/is/are+ going to+ verb
Are we going to the movies later?
We are going to dinner later.
I am going to eat dinner later.
Sist redigert: 27.01.16, M.I.
1. Main page
1 . Atricles
2 . Nouns
3 . Verbs
4 . Adjectives
5 . Adverbs
6 . Determiners
7 . It and There
8 . Concord